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2020-08-08 05:50:48

:高一英语知识点总结(下册)教学知识点归纳总结

高一英语知识点总结(下册)教学知识点归纳总结

· 英语小窍门 ·

句型与句子结构(句型层次表)

第一层 第二层 例句

简单句 主 谓 I am coming.

主 谓 宾 I like cats.

主 谓 宾 宾 I bought you a book. I bought a book for you.

主 谓 宾 补 I seldom see him do morning exercises.

主 谓 表 I am a teacher. He is very tall.

并列句 主谓 + 主谓 (and, or, but, for) I phoned him but there was no answer.

复合句 主语从句 名词性从句 What he told me yesterday is true.

宾语从句 I know that he is an American.

表语从句 This is how he broke the door.

同位语从句 His suggestion that we set off now has been accepted.

定语从句 This is the room where he was born.

状语从句 Before he came here, he had learnt Chinese for years.

· 重点词汇解析 ·

1. stomach n. 肚子,胃,复数为stomachs。肚子疼:stomachache构

成短语有:

have a pain in the stomach 胃(腹)疼

lie on one’s stomach 俯卧

have the stomach for… 对……有兴趣

turn one’s stomach 使……恶心

on an empty/a full stomach 空着肚子/吃饱

2. bar n.

(1)条状物;棒

a bar of soap 一条肥皂 a bar of chocolate 一条巧克力 a bar of gold一根金条

(2)酒吧 a coffee bar

(3)固定短语:behind bars 在狱中

3. diet n.

(1)正常饮食 a balanced diet 均衡的饮食 a diet of potatoes 土豆食品

(2)饮食限制 go on a diet=be on a diet 节食, 节食

No sugar in my coffee; I’m dieting.

4. disease n. 疾病 a serious disease of the liver 严重的肝病

diseased adj. 有病的 a diseased plant病态的植物

辨析:illness, disease

illness:很少指具体疾病,只表示抽象的疾病和生病的状态。

disease: 指可以染上和传染他人的疾病。

e. g. Several children are away from school because of illness.几个孩子因生病没上学。www.shanpow.com_高一英语知识点大全。

He has a rare heart disease.他得了一种罕见的心脏病。

5. probably 与 possibly比较

(1)probably 极有可能, 有几分根据的猜测; 比possibly所指的可能性大些。www.shanpow.com_高一英语知识点大全。

e. g. He is working hard and clever as well many people can help him. He will probably win.他工作努力,人也聪明;很多人愿意帮助他。他极有可能取胜。

(2)possibly 可能地。表示客观上潜在的可能性,可能性比probably小,经常与情态动词can 或may 连用。

e. g. She may possibly be the greatest writer of her generation.

她或许是她那一代人中最伟大的作家。

6. promise v. &n. 允诺;答应

动词用法:后接名词或代词、不定式、that 从句

(1)They promised an immediate reply. 他们答应立刻回复。

(2)He promised me to be here at six o’clock.=He promised me that he would be here at six o’clock.. 他答应我他将在六点在这里等我。

(3)I promised you not to say that. 我答应你不说那件事。

(4)It promises to be warm this afternoon. 今天下午有望转暖。

(5)He is a promising boy. 他是一个有前途的男孩。

名词用法:

make a promise 许下诺言 give a promise 许下诺言

keep a promise 信守诺言 carry out a promise 履行诺言

break a promise违背诺言

7. brain n.

(1)用作不可数名词,大脑

The brain is the centre of higher nervous activity.大脑是高等神经活动的中枢。

(2)用作可数名词brains,智力,头脑

She has a good brain. =She has good brains.她很聪明。

8. advise, suggest用法

(1)advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事 advise doing sth. 建议做某事。

advise that…(should) + 动词原形

I advise you to leave now. 我建议你现在就离开。

I advise waiting till the proper time. 我建议等到适当时机(才行动)。

We advise that steps (should) be taken at once. 我们建议立即采取措施。

(2)suggest建议,其句型为

suggest doing sth. 建议做某事

suggest one’s doing sth. =suggest sb. doing建议某人去做某事

suggest that…(should) + 动词原形

We suggested that the old museum(should)be rebuilt as soon as possible.

我们建议那座旧博物馆应该尽早重修。

9.diet与food的区别:

diet指的是习惯的食物或规定的食物,特指维持健康的定量或定质的食物。

food指能吃喝的具有营养的东西。例如:

The doctor has ordered me a special diet.医生给我安排了特殊的饮食。

I like a simple diet best.我最喜欢粗茶淡饭。

We must have food to eat and clothes to wear.我们必须有食物吃,有衣服穿。

The patient must not go without food, but he must have a diet without sugar.

这个病人不可不吃东西,但要吃不含糖的饮食。

· 重点词组解析 ·

1. plenty of充分的,大量的,既可修可数名词又可修不可数名词,只用于陈述句,

在疑问句中一般用enough,在否定句中用many 或much。

注意:plenty of前面没有冠词a, 不可误记成a plenty of。

Make sure there is plenty of food for everyone. We have plenty of

:高一英语知识点总结(上册)教学知识点归纳总结

高一英语知识点总结(上册)教学知识点归纳总结 重点词组: 1. fond of “喜爱,爱好” 接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式。例如: He’s fond of swimming. 他喜欢游泳。 Are you fond of fresh vegetables. 你喜欢新鲜蔬菜吗

He is fond of his research work. 他喜爱他的研究工作。

2. hunt for = look for寻找

I have found the book I was hunting for.我找到了那本我在找的书。

hunt for a job 找工作

3. in order to, so as to 这两个词组都可引导不定式作目的状语, in order to可放于句首, so as to则不能, 其否定形式为in order not to / so as not to. 如:

He went to Beijing in order / so as to attend an important meeting.

In order to be noticed, he shouted and waved to us.为了让我们注意他, 他朝我们又是叫喊又是挥手。

4. care aboutwww.shanpow.com_高一英语知识点大全。

1) 喜欢,对……有兴趣 = care for

She doesn’t care about money.她不喜欢钱。

2)关心 = care for

She thinks only of herself. She doesn’t care about other people.

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她只考虑自己。她不关心别人。 3)在乎,在意(接从句或不接任何成分) These young people care nothing about what old people might say. 这些年轻人根本不在乎老人说的话。 5. such as 意为“诸如……”,“像……”,是用来列举人或事物的。

She teaches three subjects, such as physics and chemistry.她教三门科目,像物理、化学。

6. drop * a line 留下便条, 写封短信

7、make yourself at home 别客气;随便;无拘束

(1) If you get to my house before I do, help yourself to a drink and make yourself at home.

如果你在我之前到我家,自己喝点饮料,随便一点。 8、stay up 不睡;熬夜 (1) I'll be late home, don't stay up for me. 我将回家很晚,不要等我了。 (2) He stayed up reading until 2:00 in the morning.

他熬夜看书直到凌晨两点。

9、come about 引起;发生;产生

(1)How did the accident come about

这场事故是怎么发生的?

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(2) They didn't know how the change had come about.

他们不知道这个变化是怎样产生的。

10、except for 除……之外

(1) except 与 except for 的用法常有区别。except 多用于引起同类事物中被排除的一项。如:

①He answered all the questions except the last one.

除去最后一个,他回答了所有问题。

②We go there every day except Sunday.

除了星期天,我们天天去那里。

(2)except for 用于引述细节以修正句子的主要意思。如:

①Except for one old lady, the bus was empty.

除去一个老太太,这辆公共汽车全空了。

②Your picture is good except for the colours.

你的画儿很好,只是某些色彩有问题。

(3)但在现代英语中,except for也用于表示except的意思。如上述第一个例子可以是:

He answered all the questions except for the last one.

(4) 另外,在介词短语之前只能用except,不能用except for。如:

We go to bed before ten, except in the summer.

除了夏季,我们通常十点之前上床睡觉。

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11、end up with 以……告终;以……结束 (1) The party ended up with an English song. 聚会以一首英文歌结束。 12、more or less 几乎;差不多;大约;大概;大体上 (1) I've more or less succeeded, but they haven't.

我差不多成功了,而他们没有。

(2) Our living condition has more or less improved.

www.shanpow.com_高一英语知识点大全。

我们的生活水平或多或少提高了。

13、bring in 引进;引来;吸收

(1) We should bring in new technology.

我们应该引进新技术。 (2) He brings in 800 dollars a month. 他一个月挣八百美元。 14、get away(from) 逃离 (1)The thieves got away from the shop with all our money.

小偷带着我们所有的钱从商店逃跑了。

(2)I caught a really big fish but it got away.

我钓到了一条好大的鱼,可是它逃掉了。

15、watch out (for)注意;留心

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(1)Watch out! There is a car coming. 小心!汽车来了。 (2)Watch out for the hole in the road. 留神路上的那个坑。 16、see sb. off 给某人送行

Tomorrow I will see my friend off at the railway station.

明天我到火车站给朋友送行。

17、on the other hand 另一方面(用以引出相互矛盾的观点、意见等,常说on the one hand …… on the other hand一方面……另一方面)

I know this job of mine isn't well paid, but on the other hand I don't have to work long hours.

我知道这份工作报酬不高,但从另一方面来说,我也不必工作太长时间。 18、as well as * (sth)而且 He is a talented musician as well as being a photographer. 她不但是摄影师还是个